Five brave pagan women in the work of Tertullian.

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  • Additional Information
    • Alternate Title:
      Vyf dapper heidense vroue in die werk van Tertullianus. (Afrikaans)
    • Publication Year:
      2014
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Historical exempla have been employed as a rhetorical stratagem since the 8th century BCE. The Christian apologist Tertullian, who received thorough training in rhetoric, was familiar with this device. Lucretia, Cleopatra, Dido, 'the wife of Hasdrubal' and Leaena also appear in the works of Roman authors as typical examples of bravery. In his Ad Martyres (4), Tertullian groups together all five as fine examples of bravery when facing death. Four of the examples appear in his Ad Nationes (1.18) and two in the Liber Apologeticus (50). Both the Ad Nationes and the Liber Apologeticus were written in defence of the Christians. In Tertullian's De exhortatione castitatis (13.3) and the De Monogamia (17), Lucretia and Dido are referred to as exempla of chastity and monogamy. The first four paragraphs preceding the analysis of these texts provide the context and contain background information on the Christian apologists, a short biography of Tertullian, a few remarks on the use of history as a rhetorical tool and a discussion on the place of these women in ancient pagan literature. The investigation of Tertullian's use of the exempla to bolster his argument reveals how he adapted these stock examples of pagan women to fit the Christian context, and illustrates how and why ancient rhetoric became part of Christian literary tradition. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Historiese exempla word al sedert die agtste eeu v.C. as 'n retoriese strategie benut. Die Christen apologeet, Tertullianus, wat 'n grondige opleiding in retoriek ontvang het, was vertroud met hierdie tegniek. Lucretia, Cleopatra, Dido, 'Hasdrubal se vrou' en Leaena kom ook in die werke van Romeinse outeurs voor as tipiese voorbeelde van dapperheid. In sy Ad Martyres (4) groepeer Tertullianus al vyf saam as goeie voorbeelde van dapperheid in die aangesig van die dood. Vier van die voorbeelde kom in die Ad Nationes (1.18) voor en twee in sy Liber Apologeticus (50). Albei hierdie werke is geskryf om die Christene te verdedig. In Tertullianus se De exhortatione castitatis (13.3) en die De Monogamia (17) word na Lucretia en Dido as voorbeelde van kuisheid en monogamie verwys. Die eerste vier paragrawe wat die analise voorafgaan, gee die konteks en bevat agtergrondinligting oor die Christen apologete, 'n kort biografie van Tertullianus, 'n paar opmerkings oor die gebruik van geskiedenis as retoriese instrument en 'n bespreking van die plek van die vyf vroue in antieke heidense letterkunde. Die ondersoek na Tertullianus se gebruik van hierdie exempla om sy argument te versterk, dui aan dat hy die standaardvoorbeelde van heidense vroue aangepas het om by die Christelike konteks te pas, en illustreer hoe en waarom antieke retoriek deel van die Christelike literêre tradisie geword het. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of In die Skriflig is the property of African Online Scientific Information System PTY LTD and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • ISSN:
      10186441
    • Accession Number:
      103287697
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      DIRCKSEN, M. R.; BRITZ, B. Five brave pagan women in the work of Tertullian. In die Skriflig, [s. l.], v. 48, n. 2, p. 1–7, 2014. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&scope=site&db=edo&AN=103287697. Acesso em: 19 set. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Dircksen MR, Britz B. Five brave pagan women in the work of Tertullian. In die Skriflig. 2014;48(2):1-7. Accessed September 19, 2020. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&scope=site&db=edo&AN=103287697
    • APA:
      Dircksen, M. R., & Britz, B. (2014). Five brave pagan women in the work of Tertullian. In Die Skriflig, 48(2), 1–7.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Dircksen, Marianne R., and Beate Britz. 2014. “Five Brave Pagan Women in the Work of Tertullian.” In Die Skriflig 48 (2): 1–7. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&scope=site&db=edo&AN=103287697.
    • Harvard:
      Dircksen, M. R. and Britz, B. (2014) ‘Five brave pagan women in the work of Tertullian’, In die Skriflig, 48(2), pp. 1–7. Available at: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&scope=site&db=edo&AN=103287697 (Accessed: 19 September 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Dircksen, MR & Britz, B 2014, ‘Five brave pagan women in the work of Tertullian’, In die Skriflig, vol. 48, no. 2, pp. 1–7, viewed 19 September 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Dircksen, Marianne R., and Beate Britz. “Five Brave Pagan Women in the Work of Tertullian.” In Die Skriflig, vol. 48, no. 2, Apr. 2014, pp. 1–7. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&scope=site&db=edo&AN=103287697.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Dircksen, Marianne R., and Beate Britz. “Five Brave Pagan Women in the Work of Tertullian.” In Die Skriflig 48, no. 2 (April 2014): 1–7. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&scope=site&db=edo&AN=103287697.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Dircksen MR, Britz B. Five brave pagan women in the work of Tertullian. In die Skriflig [Internet]. 2014 Apr [cited 2020 Sep 19];48(2):1–7. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&scope=site&db=edo&AN=103287697