Balkanization of Politics, Politics of Balkanization.

Item request has been placed! ×
Item request cannot be made. ×
loading   Processing Request
  • Additional Information
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      anarchism
      anarchy
      anti-authoritarian
      autonomy
      Balkanization
      Balkans
      federalism
      federation
      Former Yugoslavia
      pluri-cultural
      self-government
      trans-ethnic
    • Abstract:
      There are two sides of Balkanization: ‘Balkanization from above’ is a historical project of breaking inter-ethnic solidarity and regional sociocultural identity, violent incorporation into the nation-state system and capitalist world-economy, and more recently, imposing neoliberal colonialism. ‘Balkanization from below’, on the other hand, stresses social and cultural affinities, customs in common resulting from mutual aid and solidarity and fostering inter-ethnic self-activity—which was largely severed by Euro-colonial intervention. This pluri-cultural reality finds expression in anti-authoritarian politics of local self-government, communal land use, and federative movements. Activists and scholars would do well to recuperate this precious, historical vision of a trans-ethnic, anti-authoritarian society that a Balkan federation would make possible. We must examine the implications of ‘Balkanizing’ theory and ‘Balkanizing’ politics if this vision of ‘federalism from below’, sustained by networks of autonomous and culturally-diverse communities, is to be built—a prospect with significance far beyond the Balkans. Hay dos lados de la balcanización: ‘La balcanización desde arriba’, un proyecto histórico de rompimiento de la solidaridad interétnica y la identidad sociocultural regional, la violenta incorporación dentro del sistema estado-nación y la economía mundial capitalista, y más recientemente, la imposición del colonialismo neoliberal. Por el otro lado, ‘la balcanización desde abajo’, recalca las afinidades culturales y sociales, costumbres en común que resultan de una ayuda y solidaridad mutua, y fomentando una actividad propia interétnica—que ha sido ampliamente cortada por la intervención colonial europea. Esta realidad pluricultural encuentra una expresión en la política antiautoritaria de autogobierno local, uso de tierra comunal y movimientos federativos. Los activistas y académicos harían bien en recuperar esta valiosa visión histórica de una sociedad antiautoritaria, transétnica que la federación balcánica haría posible. Debemos examinar las implicaciones de ‘la teoría de balcanizar y la política balcanizadora si esta visión de ‘federalismo desde abajo’, apoyada por redes de comunidades culturalmente diversas y autónomas, debe ir creándose—un prospecto con la importancia más allá de los Balcanes. 巴尔干化具有两方面:一方面,“自上而下的巴尔干化”是一种打破民族团结和区域社会文化认同、狂暴地纳入民族 国家体系和资本主义世界经济的历史性进程,而最近则表现为强制性的新自由殖民主义。另一方面,“自下而上的巴尔干化”强调社会和文化的亲密性、由团结互助带来的共同习俗以及促进已往大多被欧洲殖民主义所割断的民族融合的自发进程。这种多样文化的现状表现为反威权的地方自治政治、公共土地使用和联合运动。活动家和学者们应努力去恢复这种跨民族、反威权社会的珍贵历史观,只有如此,巴尔干联邦才可能形成。如果这种受自发网络和多元文化群体支持的“自下而上的联邦主义”能得到构建的话,我们就必须深入研究“巴尔干化”理论和“巴尔干化”政治——一种其意义将远远超出巴尔干半岛的前景。 발칸화의 두 측면이 있다: ‘위로부터의 발칸화’는 인종간 연대와 지역적 사회문화적 정체성을 깨서 국민국가 체계와 자본주의 세계 경제로의 폭력적인 통합 좀 더 최근에는 신자유주의적 식민주의를 강제하는 역사적 프로젝트이다. 다른 한편, ‘밑으로부터의 발칸화’는 사회적 문화적 친화성, 상호부조와 연대에서 유래하여 인종간 자아 행동 – 대체로 유로 식민지 개입에 의해서 단절된 - 을 촉진하는 공통의 관습을 강조한다. 다양한 문화적 현실은 지역적 지방자치, 공동 토지 사용, 연방제 운동으로 나타난다. 활동가들과 학자들은 인종을 초월하고, 반권위주의적인 사회에 대한 이러한 고귀한 역사적 비전을 되찾고자 한다. 이러한 비전은 발칸 동맹에 의해서 가능할 것이다. 우리는 ‘밑으로부터의 연방주의’ 비전이 자율적이고 문화적으로 다양한 커뮤니티들에 의해서 유지되어 만들어 진다면, ‘발칸화’ 이론과 ‘발칸화’ 정치의 함의를 검토한다. 그것은 발칸을 훨씬 넘어서는 중요성을 지니는 전망이다. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Globalizations is the property of Routledge and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • Author Affiliations:
      1California Institute of Integral Studies, USA
    • Full Text Word Count:
      6438
    • ISSN:
      1474-7731
    • Accession Number:
      10.1080/14747731.2012.680739
    • Accession Number:
      77441482
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      GRUBAČIĆ, A. Balkanization of Politics, Politics of Balkanization. Globalizations, [s. l.], v. 9, n. 3, p. 439–449, 2012. DOI 10.1080/14747731.2012.680739. Disponível em: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&scope=site&db=eih&AN=77441482. Acesso em: 8 ago. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Grubačić A. Balkanization of Politics, Politics of Balkanization. Globalizations. 2012;9(3):439-449. doi:10.1080/14747731.2012.680739
    • APA:
      Grubačić, A. (2012). Balkanization of Politics, Politics of Balkanization. Globalizations, 9(3), 439–449. https://doi.org/10.1080/14747731.2012.680739
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Grubačić, Andrej. 2012. “Balkanization of Politics, Politics of Balkanization.” Globalizations 9 (3): 439–49. doi:10.1080/14747731.2012.680739.
    • Harvard:
      Grubačić, A. (2012) ‘Balkanization of Politics, Politics of Balkanization’, Globalizations, 9(3), pp. 439–449. doi: 10.1080/14747731.2012.680739.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Grubačić, A 2012, ‘Balkanization of Politics, Politics of Balkanization’, Globalizations, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 439–449, viewed 8 August 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Grubačić, Andrej. “Balkanization of Politics, Politics of Balkanization.” Globalizations, vol. 9, no. 3, June 2012, pp. 439–449. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/14747731.2012.680739.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Grubačić, Andrej. “Balkanization of Politics, Politics of Balkanization.” Globalizations 9, no. 3 (June 2012): 439–49. doi:10.1080/14747731.2012.680739.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Grubačić A. Balkanization of Politics, Politics of Balkanization. Globalizations [Internet]. 2012 Jun [cited 2020 Aug 8];9(3):439–49. Available from: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&scope=site&db=eih&AN=77441482